Locomotive Stages of a Baby: Crawling, Standing, Walking

When a baby is born, they spend the first few weeks stretching out their limbs and getting accustomed to not being in a fetal position. It’s basically a month-long unfolding process. Within the first month or two, and certainly, by month four, he should be actively lifting his hips and wriggling and kicking his legs. By eight or nine months and for some kids even seven months, they start to stand and try to walk (maybe take a few steps with assistance). Once your child starts to walk, it is a good time to think of getting some appropriate footwear like Loafers for Your Baby.

Early Stages

If your baby’s legs appear to be bowed, do not worry as they would eventually straighten out. This happened to my brother when he was little. His legs were bowed and almost formed a round shape (haha) but eventually, they straightened out. Now my niece’s legs are slightly bowed but we know it’s only temporary. Between 4 and 6 months, babies become aware of their feet and start to grab them (you would notice this when you change them) and use their feet to explore the environment around them as they do their arms like kicking toys or dipping their feet in the water. If you notice that your baby’s feet curve inward. In most cases, this is quite normal — another result of being cramped in the womb. If the bones are flexible enough for your pediatrician to gently pull the feet into a straight position, there’s no need to worry. But if they seem rigid, you may be referred to a pediatric orthopedist. But this is very rare. (Contact your pediatrician if, by 3 to 6 months, your child isn’t wriggling her legs, seems to flop in your arms, or she doesn’t put her feet down when you try to support themselves in a standing position)


Sometime between 7 and 10 months babies get up on their hands and knees and begin to rock back and forth. This signals their readiness to start crawling. Of course, some kids find other ways to get around, such as scooting on their bottom.

Whether babies crawl or not may be simply a matter of temperament. “Some babies are more driven; other babies are more laid-back, happy to play with what’s within their reach, and other babies just start to stand and walk and skip the whole crawling phase. Whether your child crawls or not is usually nothing to stress over as long as they’re meeting their other developmental milestones, such as pulling to stand, cruising on furniture, and using their hands properly.


You child will start to try to stand by holding on to furniture or solid things around like the rails of their crib. If your child can’t support his body weight or doesn’t have the energy to move around, tell your pediatrician. Your baby may have low muscle tone.

First Steps

Around 9 or 10 months, kids’ curiosity motivates them to pull themselves up for a better view of the world. And by 11 to 12 months, they’re generally taking their first steps while holding on to the furniture or your hands. This is known as cruising. Kids need balance, coordination, and confidence to take their first steps. That’s why children reach this milestone at different ages. Some kids start cruising around 8 or 9 months while some don’t start until after their first birthday. During this period of firsts steps, you might also notice that your baby’s feet appear flat. That’s partly because the arch hasn’t entirely formed yet and because it’s somewhat hidden by a fat pad, which disappears around age 2 or 3. While low arches in young kids are normal, feet that remain flat may need shoes with arch supports to encourage the arch to take shape. Your baby’s feet may also turn in. Again, this is usually nothing to worry about and is likely the result of baby’s position in the womb. Generally, both feet and legs straighten out by 18 months, and unless the folded toe is totally rigid, causing pain, or interfering with your child’s ability to walk, most pediatricians allow children to outgrow it.

What to Watch For

Does your child only use her arms to pull to stand, seem to have difficulty getting up because her legs are stiff, fall more than would be expected, or frequently fall to one side? These are red flags that could signal a range of problems, including joint disorders, spinal cord abnormalities, and cerebral palsy. Discuss the signs with your pediatrician.


If your child isn’t walking independently by 15 months, or if his or her balance hasn’t improved i.e he or she  can’t walk by themselves or has an unsteady stance all the time, he falls frequently, seems clumsy, lurches around, and takes very tiny steps, tell your doctor immediately. On the other hand, toe-walking (when your child is walking only on his toes or tiptoeing) by itself isn’t a concern. Alarms start going off, when a child never puts her feet flat on the floor, and the toe-walking continues past 2 1/2 years. Have your child evaluated by a physical therapist or pediatric neurologist, because it’s likely that constant toe-walking caused the foot muscles to shorten and tighten and they will likely outgrow it.

Baby Exercise

It is advisable to try to exercise your baby’s legs and feet every now and then even before they start walking. This helps to promote coordination and at arm and leg strength that’s necessary for standing and cruising. By the time your baby is 12 to 15 months, Let baby push and pull wagons and similar toys; create an obstacle course with cushions so they can practice lifting their legs and this will help and stimulate the baby to become a more adept walker.


For most of the first year of a baby, they might not necessarily need shoes. So if you choose to buy sneakers or loafers for your baby, buy them for use when they are above one. You can also buy newborn baby loafer for pictures or brief important things when they need to be more dressed up.